FiliTour No. 2: House Pol Andrea
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The banker of Filisur
The former owner Pol Andrea Lorenz (1846-1919) became one of the richest filisurers thanks to an inheritance. Like other wealthy locals, he acted as a private lender. At the time, this was nothing unusual. It is alleged that rich Reformers have lent money to poor Catholics more often because they have invested their possessions in the salvation of the soul and donated to the Church.
The typical Engadine house
This house illustrates the typical architecture of an Engadine house. The house and stable are united under one roof. The main facade is set up to the village street to observe what is happening there. The brick residential wing is equipped with an imposing arched gate, deep funnel windows, often a bay window and sgraffiti or paintings. The ornaments or mythical creatures have a symbolic meaning and divide the facade. In summer, red Engadine hanging cloves or geranials decorate the windows. The barn wing consists of a brick base and pillars with air-permeable wooden walls and attached arbor.
Daily life took place mainly on the ground floor of the residential wing. Through the arched gate, one crossed the hallway (sulér) to the heustall (talvo) with the truck. From the Susper you can glide into the panelled parlour (stüva), the kitchen (chadafö), and the pantry (chamineda).
Upstairs are the sleeping chambers (chambra), often the pompous room (stüva sura) and the upper hall (palantschin). The living wing with the parlour and the sleeping chamber above it often consists of a wooden structure and was later pre-walled.
In the basement you can enter the entrance (cuort) from the outside with the miststock and behind it to the cattle shed (stalla, uigl).
In the audio the homeowner Magdalena Tscharner leads through the house and explains some typical elements of the Engadine house.
Responsible for this content Verein Parc Ela.
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